The Present and Future of Vagus Nerve Stimulation. Citation: (Yang 2019, 344-352)

Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an adjunctive neuromodulation therapy that was approved in 1997 for the alleviation of seizures; however, efforts to control epilepsy by stimulating the vagus nerve have been studied for over 100 years. The ability for VNS to affect various brain areas, has a wide indication for various intractable epileptic syndromes and epilepsyrelated comorbidities. Moreover, recent studies have shown anti-inflammatory effects of VNS, and the indication is expanding beyond ...


Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Citation: (Litscher 2018, 132)

This editorial proposes a multimodal concept for future research on the Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) through hypothesis concerning mechanisms of the VAS. Download the paper on Medicines (external link)  Litscher G, Yannacopoulos T, Kreisl P. Nogier Reflex: Physiological and Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Medicines 2018;5(4):132. 


Tragus or cymba conchae? Investigating the anatomical foundation of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS). Citation: (Badran, 2018)

Badran et. al. provide commentary on the growing interest in modulating the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN). Researchers clearly want to know which ear target is optimal for taVNS e tragus or cymba conchae. Although the authors note discrepancies — identified by Burger and Verkuil in the investigation of a manuscript by Peuker and Filler describing vagus innervation of the ear — that they have found difficult to resolve, their commentary offers insights.[1] First, recognizing the i...


How Does Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy Work? A Systematic Review on Suggested Mechanisms of Action. Citation: (Landin-Romero 2018)

From eighty-seven studies three overarching models were identified as possible mechanism of action in EMDR: (i) psychological models (ii) psychophysiological models and (iii) neurobiological models. Read the full analyses and discussion in the paper presented on PubMed from Frontiers in Psychology. Reference: Landin-Romero R, Moreno-Alcazar A, Pagani M, Amann BL. How Does Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy Work? A Systematic Review on Suggested Mechanisms of Action. Front P...


Auricular Chromotherapy in the Treatment of Psychologic Trauma, Phobias, and Panic Disorder. Citation: (Yoshizumi 2018)

The use of auricular methods for application in the field of psychology is supported by research such as the positive treatment results from auricular chromotherapy presented by Alexandre Massao Yoshizumi, MS, Daniel Guillermo Asis, MD, and Fabiola Andrade Luz, PhD. The auricular chromotherapy protocol, a technique developed by Dr. Asis and Dr. Federico Zarragoicoechea (with contributions from Jorge Boucinhas and Rafäel Nogier, MD), shows that simple auricular methods — methods that require l...


Anatomo-Physiologic Basis for Auricular Stimulation. Citation: (Mercante 2018, 141-150)

The human ear (the auricle) offers access for neuromodulation in support of a broad range of therapeutic approaches. Auricular methods work well under both biomedical and biopsychosocial models (for pain and other conditions). From Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation,[1] to acupuncture,[3][6] to psychological frameworks such as Polyvagal Theory, Trauma-Informed Care, and Somatic Psychology,[2-3] auricular methods provide an integrative pathway to healing that is grounded in a holistic...


Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Citation: (Stanton 2018, 130-132)

Gary Stanton, MD, provides an overview of how ear acupuncture is used in the treatment of various neurologic conditions. Although not comprehensive, this paper offers informative citations (primarily journal articles referenced in PubMed) to demonstrate that auriculotherapy used in neurology is an evidence-based medicine. Read the full paper (external link) Reference: Stanton G. Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Med Acupunct. 2018;30(3):130–132.


Auricular Interventions in Neurology: the Vascular Autonomic Signal Challenge. Citation: (Quah-Smith, 2018)

Dr. Im Quah-Smith, MD, PhD, conjoint lecturer for Women’s and Children’s Health the University of New South Wales Medicine Program, points to evidence, clinical applications, and several use cases, to argue for broader use of Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) palpation in Auricular interventions (Auricular Medicine, ear acupuncture, transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation, and low-level laser therapy): “Today Auricular Medicine has strong biological and clinical evidence for its application with...


Resonance Signaling and Yoga. Citation: (Srinivasan 2018, 89-90)

Everything in nature resonates in one way or another. Resonance is a phenomenon we can find in everything from our daily interactions — “you give me a good vibe” — to the basic science of cellular biology. In cellular biology we understand that biologically generated (endogenous) electrical fields are produced, for example, around an injury on the skin to provide an electrical potential that initiates repair. Scientific interest in the idea of resonance is furthering integrative healing conce...


Auricular Acupuncture for the Treatment of Pediatric Migraines in the Emergency Department. Citation: (Graff 2018, 258-262)

Headache remains a frequent complaint for children presenting to a pediatric emergency departments and typical treatments such as oral or intravenous medications do not always relieve the pain. An alternative intervention shown to be effective is auricular acupuncture. This pilot study presents a cohort study of patients 8 to 18 years of age treated by ear acupuncture, with all showing improvement or resolution of their migraine headache, Read the entire pilot study (external link) Reference...


Auricular Neuromodulation: The Emerging Concept beyond the Stimulation of Vagus and Trigeminal Nerves. Citation: (Mercante 2018, 10)

In a review of TNS, tVNS and Auricular Stimulation, Benjamina Mercante (and her colleagues Franca Deriu, and Claire-Marie Rangon) present possible sites and mechanisms of action in the Central Nervous System. The paper suggests that with the continuous advancement since the auricular maps of physician Paul Nogier, the field of advanced non-invasive neuromodulation via the ear, due to the innervation by the cervical plexus, may become the most affordable, accurate and powerful gateway to the b...


Combined electroacupuncture and auricular acupuncture for postoperative pain after abdominal surgery for gynecological diseases: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Citation: (Lam 2018)

Often, study results of acupuncture for relief of postoperative pain do not offer compelling results owing to high risk of bias associated with improper randomization, inadequate control, and lack of blinding and allocation concealment. Systematic reviews do conclude that the evidence for Auricular Acupuncture on reducing postoperative pain is promising [18]. Study protocols such as this, provide an example for integrative medicine practice in a hospital setting for the management of postoper...