Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Citation: (Litscher 2018, 132)

This editorial proposes a multimodal concept for future research on the Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) through hypothesis concerning mechanisms of the VAS. Download the paper on Medicines (external link)  Litscher G, Yannacopoulos T, Kreisl P. Nogier Reflex: Physiological and Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Medicines 2018;5(4):132. 


Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Citation: (Stanton 2018, 130-132)

Gary Stanton, MD, provides an overview of how ear acupuncture is used in the treatment of various neurologic conditions. Although not comprehensive, this paper offers informative citations (primarily journal articles referenced in PubMed) to demonstrate that auriculotherapy used in neurology is an evidence-based medicine. Read the full paper (external link) Reference: Stanton G. Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Med Acupunct. 2018;30(3):130–132.


Auricular Acupuncture for the Treatment of Pediatric Migraines in the Emergency Department. Citation: (Graff 2018, 258-262)

Headache remains a frequent complaint for children presenting to a pediatric emergency departments and typical treatments such as oral or intravenous medications do not always relieve the pain. An alternative intervention shown to be effective is auricular acupuncture. This pilot study presents a cohort study of patients 8 to 18 years of age treated by ear acupuncture, with all showing improvement or resolution of their migraine headache, Read the entire pilot study (external link) Reference...


Auricular Neuromodulation: The Emerging Concept beyond the Stimulation of Vagus and Trigeminal Nerves. Citation: (Mercante 2018, 10)

In a review of TNS, tVNS and Auricular Stimulation, Benjamina Mercante (and her colleagues Franca Deriu, and Claire-Marie Rangon) present possible sites and mechanisms of action in the Central Nervous System. The paper suggests that with the continuous advancement since the auricular maps of physician Paul Nogier, the field of advanced non-invasive neuromodulation via the ear, due to the innervation by the cervical plexus, may become the most affordable, accurate and powerful gateway to the b...


Auricular Acupuncture as an Alternative Medicine. Citation: (Stanton 2017, 23)

As a result of the increasing worldwide research into auricular acupuncture, the field is now considered by many physicians to be an evidence-based medicine. Gary Stanton at the Department of Neurology, Sleep Medicine and Pain Medicine Services at Emerson Hospital in the USA, offers a summary of the history of auricular acupuncture, its clinical rationale, indications, methods and advantages. See the report (external link). Reference:Stanton G. Auricular Acupuncture as an Alternative Me...


Investigation of a Micro-test for Circulatory Autonomic Nervous System Responses. Citation: (Moser 2017)

Most cells in the body react to signals of the autonomic nervous system. This explains the importance of this unconscious part of our nervous system for homeostatic regulation and hemodynamic balance. Searching for a suitable test for the organismic response to acupuncture, Nogier discovered a cardiovascular reaction, which could be triggered by slightly stimulating certain points mechanically on the human ear (Nogier, 1972). He called it “réflexe auriculo cardiaque” or RAC, known in English ...


Auricular Acupuncture Analgesia in Thoracic Trauma: A Case Report. Citation: (Papadopoulos 2017, 49-52)

In a case of thoracic trauma (rib fractures with pneumothorax and pulmonary contusions) with severe chest pain leading to ineffective ventilation and oxygenation, doctors in emergency department applied auricular acupuncture to ameliorate pain and hopefully improve his functional ability to cough and breathe deeply. The patients pain scores diminished considerably within minutes. Ventilation and oxygenation indices improved to safe limits. Read the full case report (external link) Reference...


Auricular acupuncture diagnosis in patients with lumbar hernia. Citation: (Romoli 2016, 61-65)

Romoli and his colleagues completed a study to identify the specific auricular zones related to lumbar hernia in patients treated using a series of epidural infiltrations with corticosteroids. A significant association was found for some auricular areas, along the series of epidural infiltrations, with a progressive reduction in the number of tender and low electrical resistance points together with a decrease of pain and hand-foot distance. It was concluded that auricular zones found with au...


Evaluation of the Immediate Effect of Auricular Acupuncture on Pain and Electromyographic Activity in Patients with Neck Pain. Citation: (de Oliveira Silva 2015)

In a study to assess the immediate effects of auricular acupuncture on electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius muscle and pain in non-specific neck pain patients, the immediate effect of auricular acupuncture interventions on the electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius muscle showed positive results. Abstract and link to full text at Hindawi. Reference:Andréia Cristina de Oliveira Silva, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Douglas Meira dos Santos, et al., “Evaluation o...


Exploring Self-Reported Benefits of Auricular Acupuncture Among Veterans With Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Citation: (King 2015, 291-299)

Auricular acupuncture treatments have become increasingly available throughout a variety of healthcare settings, resulting from a push for the expansion of non-pharmacologic treatment options. Specifically in military treatment facilities, this has been the case for offering support to veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A study aimed to explore the self-reported benefits of auricular acupuncture treatments for veterans living with PTSD found positive improvement resulting fr...


Auricular therapy for chronic pain management in adults: A synthesis of evidence. Citation: (Zhao 2015, 68-78)

A systematic review of randomized controlled trials investigating Auricular Therapy for chronic pain management, showed promising results for relief. The full text can be requested via PubMed. Reference:Zhao HT, Tan JY, Wang T, Jin L. Auricular therapy for chronic pain management in adults: A synthesis of evidence. Complimentary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 2015 May;21(2):68-78.


A New Method in Auricular Medicine for the Investigation of the Nogier Reflex. Citation: (Litscher 2014, 205-210)

The palpation of the Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS), also known as the Nogier reflex or Reflex Auriculo-Cardiac (RAC) is an important method used primarily in Auricular Medicine. This article presents a methodological approach for the detection and quantification of the VAS. View the paper. Reference:Litscher G, Bahr F, Litscher D, Min LQ, Hong PJ. A New Method in Auricular Medicine for the Investigation of the Nogier Reflex. Integr Med Int. 2014;1:205–210