Patient Feedback on the Effectiveness of Auricular Acupuncture on Pain in Routine Clinical Care: The Experience of 11,406 Veterans. Citation: (Zeliadt 2020, 101-107)

The American Veterans Health Administration (VHA) launched a national initiative to train providers in Battlefield Acupuncture (BFA) treatment as a non-pharmacological approach to pain management, and performed a research project over a 2 year period (2016-2018) to evaluate its effectiveness on immediate pain relief. This project took place at 57 VHA medical centers in the United States. A total of 11,406 veterans were treated with BFA at least once, in some cases 3 times.  More than 75% expe...

An Auricular Marker for COVID-19. Citation: (Volf 2020, 174)

An Auricular Marker for COVID-19. Citation: (Volf 2020, 174)

In response to COVID-19 cases requiring mechanical ventilation, the chief of the intensive care unit of the Saint Antoine Paris Hospital in France was interested if acupuncture might help reduce the dosage necessary for the induction of anesthesia required for intubation, as suggested by several published articles. In response to this call from the hospital, the Scientific Acupuncture Department of the Paris XI University cared for 34 patients with severe COVID-19 to research a specific point...


Non-invasive Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation as a Potential Treatment for Covid19-Originated Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Citation: (Kaniusas 2020)

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by an invasion of the alveolar epithelial cells by coronavirus 19. The most severe outcome of the disease is the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) combined with hypoxemia and cardiovascular damage. ARDS and co-morbidities are associated with inflammatory cytokine storms, sympathetic hyperactivity, and respiratory dysfunction. The authors present and justify a novel potential treatment for Covid19-originated ARDS and associated co-morbidities, ...


Review of Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation: Challenges for Translation to Clinical Practice. Citation: (Yap 2020)

Several studies investigating the use of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) for disorders tinnitus, migraine and pain show therapeutic effects similar to those produced by the more invasive direct vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Although VNS is an FDA-approved therapy for the treatment of both depression and epilepsy, it is limited to being a second or third-line treatment option for severe, intervention-resistant cases, due to risks involved with device implantation. In contrast, t...


The anatomical basis for transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation. Citation: (Butt 2019)

Our metabolic functions (e.g. organs, glands, involuntary muscles) are influenced by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) via sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. The vagus nerve, the 10th longest of the cranial nerves, is a major component of the parasympathetic nervous system and serves to maintain homeostasis providing bidirectional communication between the body and brain.  The neuroatanomy of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN) offers insight for an understanding of the ef...


Current Directions in the Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation II – An Engineering Perspective. Citation: (Kaniusas 2019, 772)

Bioelectronic medicine progressively comes into focus as offering a non-pharmaceutical treatment option for various diseases. Here neuromodulation of the vagus nerve (VN) has gained a special interest. In a comprehensive review technical issues, modeling concepts, regulatory and safety requirements, and novel architectures of open and closed-loop aVNS paradigms, Kaniusas and his colleagues focus on the physiological role of VN including a biology-driven rationale for Auricular Vagus Nerve Sti...


The Present and Future of Vagus Nerve Stimulation. Citation: (Yang 2019, 344-352)

Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an adjunctive neuromodulation therapy that was approved in 1997 for the alleviation of seizures; however, efforts to control epilepsy by stimulating the vagus nerve have been studied for over 100 years. The ability for VNS to affect various brain areas, has a wide indication for various intractable epileptic syndromes and epilepsyrelated comorbidities. Moreover, recent studies have shown anti-inflammatory effects of VNS, and the indication is expanding beyond ...


Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Citation: (Litscher 2018, 132)

This editorial proposes a multimodal concept for future research on the Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) through hypothesis concerning mechanisms of the VAS. Download the paper on Medicines (external link)  Litscher G, Yannacopoulos T, Kreisl P. Nogier Reflex: Physiological and Experimental Results in Auricular Medicine—A New Hypothesis. Medicines 2018;5(4):132. 


How Does Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy Work? A Systematic Review on Suggested Mechanisms of Action. Citation: (Landin-Romero 2018)

From eighty-seven studies three overarching models were identified as possible mechanism of action in EMDR: (i) psychological models (ii) psychophysiological models and (iii) neurobiological models. Read the full analyses and discussion in the paper presented on PubMed from Frontiers in Psychology. Reference: Landin-Romero R, Moreno-Alcazar A, Pagani M, Amann BL. How Does Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy Work? A Systematic Review on Suggested Mechanisms of Action. Front P...


Anatomo-Physiologic Basis for Auricular Stimulation. Citation: (Mercante 2018, 141-150)

The human ear (the auricle) offers access for neuromodulation in support of a broad range of therapeutic approaches. Auricular methods work well under both biomedical and biopsychosocial models (for pain and other conditions). From Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation,[1] to acupuncture,[3][6] to psychological frameworks such as Polyvagal Theory, Trauma-Informed Care, and Somatic Psychology,[2-3] auricular methods provide an integrative pathway to healing that is grounded in a holistic...


Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Citation: (Stanton 2018, 130-132)

Gary Stanton, MD, provides an overview of how ear acupuncture is used in the treatment of various neurologic conditions. Although not comprehensive, this paper offers informative citations (primarily journal articles referenced in PubMed) to demonstrate that auriculotherapy used in neurology is an evidence-based medicine. Read the full paper (external link) Reference: Stanton G. Auriculotherapy in Neurology as an Evidence-Based Medicine: A Brief Overview. Med Acupunct. 2018;30(3):130–132.


Resonance Signaling and Yoga. Citation: (Srinivasan 2018, 89-90)

Everything in nature resonates in one way or another. Resonance is a phenomenon we can find in everything from our daily interactions — “you give me a good vibe” — to the basic science of cellular biology. In cellular biology we understand that biologically generated (endogenous) electrical fields are produced, for example, around an injury on the skin to provide an electrical potential that initiates repair. Scientific interest in the idea of resonance is furthering integrative healing conce...